In all likelihood you’ve heard of both God’s War by Kameron Hurley and Tome of the Undergates by Sam Sykes. Both were debut novelists with big pushes among the online community due in no small part to each author’s interesting social media persona. They were, in their moment, the kinds of titles that everyone talked about. They appeared on dozens of blogs and have managed long tails when it comes to name recognition. Hurley’s God’s War slightly more so due to her delayed release in the United Kingdom and a number of significant award nominations.
But despite the early successes of these authors, their second and third novels seem to have fallen into the black chasm of no one cares.
Having read Infidel and Rapture, the final two novels in Hurley’s Bel Dame Apocrypha, and Black Halo, the second novel in Syke’s Aeon’s Gate Trilogy, I find this a boggling scenario. Not only are they superior novels to the debut efforts in every conceivable way, they continue an interesting story, populated by engaging characters. Sure, we should expect the standard series drop-offs I’ve discussed in previous articles, but in both cases the rest of the series has not been able to resonate in any meaningful way among readers. The simple question is, why?
I would posit a two fold answer. The first is that most review outlets and even average readers are attracted by two paradigms when it comes to selecting fiction. Either they’re looking for the next big thing or they want to read the same kinds of things they’ve always read. In other words, Ann Leckie’s Ancillary Justice is widely read, but can she sustain that interest into a second novel and beyond? The reality is she’s in for an uphill climb. Despite achieving an almost zeitgeist status with her first novel bloggers won’t be as likely to cover the sequel, Ancillary Sword, in pre-publication. As a result, readers may not remember how much they want it a year later.
Reviewers are about as discerning as crows—if it sparkles we’re going to read it. I was once sent a debut novel wrapped in black tissue paper inside a black envelope. The title of the novel was Fade to Black. I started reading it the same day. When there are no debuts to catch the eye, the odds are that a reviewer will be looking at the new Brandon Sanderson, or Trudi Canavan, or Patricia Briggs. When it comes to getting buzz around a mid list authors’ mid series titles, the deck is stacked. And it’s not a friendly stack of cards.
The second part is that it is incumbent on the publisher to cue the reading public about the importance of a second and third novel for the mid list author. Debuts, to a large degree, sell themselves to the reviewing community and even to readers who find themselves intrigued by the new and shiny on the new release shelf. But, when those second and third novels come out it simply isn’t sustainable to expect the existing readership to find them. It’s time for a new push, one equal to the one levied for the debut a year ago. But, these scenarios are rare in publishing, particularly for an author who didn’t “break out.” Resources not allocated to the bell-cow authors are often directed toward new authors the publisher hopes to grow into big successes.
It can be a frustrating process for the mid tier author. Sarah Monette, known more recently as Katherine Addison, published a series of novels with Ace Books that did not perform particularly well on the sales ledgers. On her blog Monette revealed these facts, including the final outcome which was a rejection of her newest novel. Monette was forced to take the manuscript to market and sold it to another publisher. The book became The Goblin Emperor, published under a pseudonym. It has received a massive amount of positive buzz within the reviewing community and readers across the spectrum are excited to read it.
Sadly, the expectation has become that authors must be Athena to succeed. By that I mean they must spring forth from the head of Zeus, or in this case a publishing house, fully formed, ready to kick ass and take names. Stumbling out of the gate or finding a voice while actively publishing seems to be something the industry (and the reading public) is increasingly less likely to tolerate. I don’t have solutions to any of these problems. The process is complex and has so many moving parts that it’s impossible to really boil it down to any few causes. It’s why I’m here writing about two series I feel strongly about.
Neither God’s War nor Tome of the Undergates could be described by anyone as “Under the Radar,” but their subsequent novels are classic cases—great novels doing something unique, something special with a readership that is simply unrepresentative of their capabilities.
Hurley wrote a novel about Nyx, a woman who does all the horrible things a man can do and doesn’t apologize for it. She doesn’t seek out romance. In fact, if someone is willing to commit to the entire Bel Dame Apocrypha, they’ll find that by the end of the series Nyx rejects all the comforts associated with “happily ever after.” It’s a commentary on the gender politics of genre narratives in the same way that Joe Abercrombie’s work is a commentary on epic fantasy. Among the three novels in the series Infidel is my favorite. It’s the most clearly goal oriented. Nyx must hunt down a bunch of people just as corrupt as she is and bring them in. Her team, such as it is, is pre-constructed and Hurley is out of the woods when it comes to setting up her world. Given the most common complaint for God’s War centers around a very uneven first eighty pages, the freedom to write in an already established place is highly evident as Hurley advances in series. Infidel and Rapture are the novels that separate Hurley’s work from something merely edgy into what I consider the most human science fiction novels I’ve ever read.
Oddly, Sykes suffered from the same malady in Tome of the Undergates; the first hundred pages can wear readers down. However, where Hurley is spending too much time world building and expositing, Sykes is does far too much of the opposite, sending his six characters into a massive extended series of conflicts right off the bat. By the time Black Halo rolls around he’s figured out more about what he wants to do. And what he’s doing is reinventing old school fantasy. Imagine the Dragonlance Chronicles if Sturm Brightblade and Tanis Half Elven and Raistlin Majere were actually written with honesty as it relates to their obvious mental illnesses. Where Tome of the Undergates pokes at this dynamic it’s often more interested in high action and unexpected moments of humor. It isn’t until Black Halo that Sykes figures out where he wants to take it. It’s his second novel that establishes his work as one of the most significant commentaries on fantasy’s narrative forms.
In both cases, Hurley and Sykes are authors finding their voice in public. They are improving with each piece of fiction they release into the world. Reading through their first series is an exercise in watching that growth. Publishing might be disinterested in that journey, but you, the reader, should be. Constantly chasing the next big thing or merely reading the things you’ve always read only reinforces the notion that authors shouldn’t be given the chance to grow and improve. Not only are you missing out on watching two exceptional writers grow into something even greater, you might be creating a self fulfilling prophecy. Consider this a reminder to take a look at debut novels you’ve enjoyed or found intriguing and give those second and third ones a shot. I suspect you’re going to find yourself blown away, as I have, with the growth exhibited not just by Kameron Hurley and Sam Sykes, but by the legions of authors working in the field today.
Thankfully, both authors will be releasing new books in the latter half of 2014, with new publishers and new story arcs. Hurley’s The Mirror Empire from Angry Robot Books is a wholly new endeavor, while Syke’s The City Stained Red returns to his existing world, but with a new perspective. Regardless of whether I can convince anyone to pick up the second and third books in their debut series, I desperately hope thousands of readers invest in their new stuff. I cannot imagine two better voices to pay attention to among the next generation of writers.