Wed
Mar 20 2013 11:00am

The Sandman Reread: The Kindly Ones

Sandman Reread The Kindly Ones Neil Gaiman DreamThe collected edition of The Kindly Ones begins with a short story written by Neil Gaiman and drawn by Kevin Nowlan, and I think that’s a mistake. The story was originally published in Vertigo Jam #1, and I’m sure the story fits between World’s End and The Kindly Ones, and was published around that time, and all of that is just fine, but it’s not the best way to start reading “The Kindly Ones” as a story arc.

Gaiman and Nowlan are great, sure, and it’s a nice little story about a dreamer.

But as a massive thirteen-part opus, “The Kindly Ones” deserves, in a collection with its name in the title, to get the spotlight from the first page.

The first page of “The Castle,” by Gaiman and Nowlan, begins with a panel of faceless, fanged women approaching the reader, while the caption says, “There’s a dream in which huge faceless women with wolves astride them are chewing at my entrails and legs. They have sharp teeth.” There are wolves depicted in that opening panel as well.

The first page of “The Kindly Ones,” by Gaiman and Marc Hempel, begins with a close-up on a ball of gray yarn, held by a young woman dressed in black, her hands holding the ball of yarn in front of her chest. “Is it ready yet? Are you done?” says a voice off panel.

“Nearly. There we go,” she replies, and we realize the young woman isn’t merely holding the ball of yarn, but finishing the act of rolling the yarn into a ball.

The Gaiman/Hempel panel is a much more appropriate way to begin The Kindly Ones collected edition that the Gaiman/Nowlan panel, even if the latter is part of a story subtitled “(prologue).”

Gaiman and Hempel give us foreboding and yet a sense of eerie calm. The impatient voice off panel, “Is it ready yet? Are you done?” could well echo the voice of the reader, during Sandman’s initial serialization or today. In the 1990s, as the series was coming to a close, the last dozen or so issues weren’t released as swiftly as the first few years of Sandman. There was anticipation about what would happen and how Dream would meet his demise. Today, readers staring at the pile of trade paperback collections or, better yet, the four-volume massive hardcover Absolute editions would be approaching the final book(s) in the series wondering how Gaiman will tie everything up.

And that ball of yarn? Don’t we sometimes call stories “yarns”? And do writers not knit together scenes and characters to make the story come together. That’s what it’s all about.

That Gaiman/Nowlan description and image of feral women is nightmarish, and will ultimately parallel what leads to Dream’s death, but it’s unsubtle. Without the dignity the series deserves. Too on-the-nose.

No, the Gaiman/Hempel opening panel is a better one. More suited to what has come before and what is yet to come. It’s a reckoning, but not one clothed in ferocity from the beginning.

There’s also the fact that Marc Hempel’s art—blocky and angular and graphically bold and unlike anything else in the series—defines The Kindly Ones, even if he doesn’t draw every single page. Other artists who come in take their lead from Hempel on this penultimate story arc. It’s a shame to open the collection and not immediately see his images first. It’s the best pure art of his career, and it’s the best-looking Sandman arc of them all.

Oddly, Hempel’s art isn’t often associated with Sandman. When I think back on the series, I never picture Hempel’s version of the characters. I picture Mike Dringenberg’s. Or Kelley Jones’s. Or Jill Thompson’s. Or that statue based on P. Craig Russell’s version. In all those incarnations Dream is delicate, with deep-set eyes, and a look of haughty sullenness. Hempel’s Morpheus shares those traits, but he’s more a collection of shapes and lines than a fully-formed figure. He’s a drawing of a character first, and a persona second. That’s probably what I love most about Hempel’s take on Sandman’s world—that it’s so unabashedly stylized, but not at the expense of storytelling. If anything, Hempel draws everything with such bold symbolism—with him, on Sandman, it’s the clarity of image first and the movement of characters through space second—that the story becomes more quintessentially dreamlike.

Most artists would depict “dreamlike” in hazy incorporeality or crazy surrealism. Hempel depicts it as silhouettes framed against jagged backgrounds, or as angular close-ups cutting away to insert shots of important objects. His panel-to-panel rhythms are unconventional, his figures cropped oddly in the frame, and it works wonderfully to capture the conversations and the conflicts in The Kindly Ones.

If only he drew every page of The Kindly Ones, it might rank as one of the all-time great graphic novels, apart from its importance in Sandman proper. But he didn’t. It’s still really good, though.

Rereading The Kindly Ones this time, I was fascinated by the confidence it seemed to have as a story. So many other Sandman arc are exploratory, playful, and we can feel Gaiman learning new things about storytelling as he tries to layer in all the things he’s loved about stories in the past. Even World’s End felt like Gaiman getting something out of his system, as masterful as that collection was. With The Kindly Ones, Gaiman—and Hempel, and others—seemed less interested in exploring various avenues of story and more interested in telling this one, specific story. The story about Dream facing the consequences of his previous actions. The story about Dream’s past coming back to kill him.

Sure, there are digressions, because it’s a Sandman story written by Neil Gaiman, but even the digressions seem more like pieces of clockwork machinery than colorful asides. To put it another way, and bringing Neil Gaiman’s mentor Alan Moore into the equation: The Kindly Ones is to the early years of Sandman as Watchmen is to The Saga of the Swamp Thing. As a reader, I love all of that stuff. But clearly the later work is more precise (and yet still vibrant) than the former.

I might even recommend that readers who want to try out Sandman but are put off by the earlier artistic inconsistencies and the Gothic decor of the first few arcs skip all that stuff and just read The Kindly Ones. Except, I’m not sure that would work. The Kindly Ones is a carefully-crafted, immensely powerful story of revenge and resignation, but it’s also hugely dependent on the characters and situations that have appeared in previous issues. The Kindly Ones is a near-masterpiece, but it isn’t one that can stand on its own.

The good news is that readers of the entire Sandman saga have The Kindly Ones to look forward to. It’s basically the final chapter of the entire series, with The Wake as an epilogue. And what an excellent final chapter it is.

As always, it’s better that you read the story yourself and look at all the pretty pictures than have me summarize it for you, but I will highlight a couple of my favorite parts of this quite-significant and, I think, as much as Sandman is acclaimed overall, quite-underrated story arc.

Everything with Nuala, the faerie who has been left in Dream’s kingdom, is masterfully done. Nuala, who first appeared in Season of Mists, has mostly been a background character. She lives in Dream’s palace, and helps clean up to keep herself occupied, but without her fay glamour, she’s just an unkempt runt of a girl. Her brother comes to retrieve her in The Kindly Ones, and Dream grants her leave, but offers her a pendant that she can use to receive a single boon, whenever she needs him.

Gaiman piles the narrative weight of the entire story onto that one pendant-granting scene. Without ever saying why or how—though the intervening issues have showed us—Gaiman implies that Dream has profoundly changed since the beginning of his journey in issue #1. Yet, couldn’t he be granting her the boon just to remind her of his power? As an act of intimidating grace? Perhaps. But why else would he give her the pendant which grants her such a powerful boon? Is it because he has come to like her? Or because he still feels guilty about how he has treated women he has cared about in the past? Probably, and probably. But it’s all unspoken. And there’s yet another reason he has to give her the pendant and the boon: in answering her call—when it comes—he will be forced to leave his realm and fall prey to the forces who want to destroy him. He must grant her the boon, because his demise is already written in Destiny’s book.

All of that is bundled up in that one scene between Dream and Nuala and none of it is spoken about and yet it is conveyed in Marc Hempel’s wonderfully expressive character work and in the context of the scene within Sandman as a whole.

Then there’s Lyta Hall.

Lyta Hall, the former member of Infinity Inc. Lyta Hall, the widow of Hector Hall, the former superhero who became temporary yellow-and-hourglass-clad Sandman in a tiny corner of the dream world while Morpheus was still imprisoned. Lyta Hall, the girl who was once known as Fury.

In The Kindly Ones, Lyta is not the trigger of the events that leads to the death of this incarnation of Dream, but she is the bullet. Already unstable, thanks to the death of her husband (for which she still, erroneously, blames Dream), and pushed over the brink by the kidnap of her son Daniel (for which she, again erroneously, blames Dream), she rages against the dream world and with the help of the “Kindly Ones”—aka the Furies of myth—seeks revenge against the dream king. She seeks to destroy him.

And she does. But not before marching against his domain and razing everything in her path. Hempel draws those scenes as if we are looking out from Lyta’s point of view. We see the denizens of the dream world—characters we’ve come to love over the years—brutally slain by what seems to be our own hands. It’s terrifying to become complicit in such actions, but, like any dream, we have no control over what’s happening.

Dream dies, vulnerably to the Furies, because he fulfilled his obligation to Nuala.

It’s more complex than that, though. Thessaly is involved. More involved than we ever would have imagined before the start of The Kindly Ones. And Loki, whom Dream spared from imprisonment in Season of Mists, is the real trigger for all of the destruction that occurs. But there’s some mysterious motivation there as well. And a dozen other characters from previous arcs play important roles in the story as well. It really is a fitting climax for everything Neil Gaiman built in Sandman.

Daniel, magically grown, takes over the role as the dream king. Dream lives, albeit in a different form.

And The Kindly Ones ends with a reflection of what should have been the first panel in the collected edition. It’s the same young woman as before—holding the same yarn—and now we know she’s one of the Furies. And she’s rolling the yarn back up into a ball again, but just beginning to wind it up. From off-panel, a voice says, “There. For good or bad. It’s done.”

And so it is.

Except for The Wake.

NEXT: Friends and family mourn the departed Dream, and Shakespeare writes his final lines.


Tim Callahan would like you to know that Marc Hempel’s “Gregory” books are well-worth tracking down as well. They are nothing like Sandman, but they are odd and hilarious and wonderful in their own way.

Magic & Good Madness: A Neil Gaiman Reread: ‹ previous | index | next ›
15 comments
olethros
1. olethros
Blaming Morpheus for the kidnapping of Daniel is perhaps not so erroneous as you think.
olethros
2. Natenanimous
This is far and away my favourite Sandman collection, even though I love them all in different ways. It's a fantastic conclusion to the story.

It's always been my notion, ever since I first read it, that Dream, consciously or subconsciously, orchestrated all of the events that led to his demise. With his growth as a character, some part of him has wanted for a while now to be able to step down, to stop being Dream of the Endless. But he can't do what Destruction did and simply abandon his kingdom, so he set things up so he could be defeated and replaced, so that what he wanted would happen but it wouldn't be him making the direct decisions involved.

The scene between Dream and Odin is what sealed it for me. Odin says that he's disappointed in Dream, who should have known that Loki would betray him. All Dream says is that he's sorry to have disappointed him. But we know that Dream is smarter than Odin suggests here. Dream did know that Loki would betray him. He counted on it, when he set Loki free. Killing Orpheus after meeting with Destruction again put some of the final pieces in place so that his enemies could destroy him.

I believe Death suggests this as well, when they talk. I don't have my copy with me, but I think she suggests that some part of Dream knew exactly what he was doing. The fortune read by the Furies at the end is in the same vein. They are dissatisfied with it, because it indicates that they didn't actually win. Well, they did, but only because that's what Dream intended. He wanted them to win so he could be free, while a new Dream would arise to take his place. Dream got what he wanted. It was a classically tragic ending, but at the same time it was subverted, because Dream, in his way, won. I think it's brilliant.
olethros
3. Athreeren
@2: Gaiman's summary of the story of Sandman: "The Lord of Dreams realizes he has to change or die, and makes his choice." So yes, one way or another, Dream chose his own fate. At the end of the book, Loki seems to believe that Dream orchestrated everything, but how much of it is true is unclear.
olethros
4. olethros
Loki also tells the Corinthian that he "could answer him Endlessly" when Corinthian asks who Loki is working for.

The entire story is the story of Morpheus' elaborate, centuries long suicide.
olethros
5. Jeff R.
While I like the 'elaborate suicide' explanation, isn't the centrality of Nuala to what happened a big problem for the theory? I mean, unless there's something I missed, he neither planned nor anticipated her calling in her boon at that exact time, and without that the entire event would have come out the other way.
olethros
6. INCyr
I have to disagree, regarding the art in this arc. EVERY time I read Sandman, I get to the Kindly Ones, and cringe, because I can't STAND the art style here. It's so... angular and harsh, especially when followed up by Zulli's beautiful art in The Wake.

In fact, the art alone places the arc as my least favorite of all the arcs in the series, which is a shame. Especially since this arc is so very very important to the story as a whole, and I can't do anything but rush through it to get it done and overwith so I don't have to look at the ugliness on the page.

Yeah, I can't think of ANY other comic I hate as much as this one, on art alone. It's so very frustrating.
olethros
7. catterpillarboy
Well- because I got into the Sandman kinda backwards (first picking up #50, then the Death mini), and because of that Hempel’s art is foremost in my mind of the series (and the style that I try to ape when I doodle Morpheus & Pals; one wonders what may have been if Mignola drew this arc as originally planned).

Reading the Kindly Ones first actually got me interested in reading the rest (I enjoyed seeing how everything ended and then going back to see how it all started; it helped that DC/Vertigo originally started a reprint series immediately after it all ended).

By the way- thanks for this re-read. It’s a great trip down memory lane (although I have to disagree with your conclusions about Brief Lives). I know you are probably going to reread the spin-offs as well (Endless Nights et al) but how about the ones usually forgotten- like the usually overlooked but awesome official companion book and Dust Covers? (An overview of the Dreaming would be awesome as well).
olethros
8. olethros
@5. Jeff R.

Not really. Morpheus could have fairly easily been aware of Nuala's feelings for him and anticipated the nature of her boon. And if not that, I'm fairly confident he would have found some other excuse to force himself to leave. He did set up the Nuala situation, after all, including the "I will come to you" bit. No reason he can't grant a boon without visiting.
olethros
9. Natenanimous
@5 - Some, perhapse even most, of what he did may have been subconscious. I'm not sure Dream consciously intended all of it. The Nuala thing points to that, and he shrugged it off when Death suggested he'd done things on purpose. But giving Nuala the pendant set up a method for him to be drawn out of the dreaming, just as what he did with Loki, with Lyta, and with Orpheus set things in motion that would lead to this. He laid out all of the tools his enemies would need to destroy him, and some part of him knew it. Someone being able to draw him out of the dreaming — to force it to happen, basically — is another case of Dream setting things up so that the outcome he secretly wants comes to pass without him having to make the direct choice on his own. Perhaps his conscious mind doesn't want to choose to die, but he's been setting things up so that the outcome is inevitable, so he can't escape it or hide from it even if part of him wants to. As the others noted (which I had forgotten about), Loki seems to reach a similar conclusion when he realizes he's been manipulated.
olethros
10. Sanagi
Absolutely my favorite chapter of the Sandman. Like Tim, I find its status as cumulative exam for the series makes it harder to recommend to people than I would like.

Something I noticed when I reread The Kindly Ones recently - Mega Spoilers here - is the delayed impact of Morpheus's death. In the moment, he's so calm and irritatingly impassive as always. And by identifying with him, I feel similarly unmoved. Then I turn the page to Delirium's reunion with Barnabas and my pent-up emotion is released all at once. Pretty sneaky, Mr. Gaiman.
olethros
11. Donald Simmons
I remember this story really, really dragging when it was coming out month by month, taking over a year to do so. It reads much better as a collection.
olethros
12. TomT
I've always seen this as Dreams elaberate centuries long suicide. Everything from him being trapped at the beginning to his being summoned out of Dream at the critical moment he arrainged to happen. Some where deep inside he needed to grow and change in some way but the Dream we follow through to his death in The Kindly Ones is to ridged to grown and change in the way needss to. So he arrainged the complex suicide/rebirth so that he could die and be reborn changing as he needed to grow and change in that moment.

Dream deliberately turns the mechanism of his office to his own purpose here. And I believe Loki knows it at the end as does Death. Though she perhaps knew what he was upto all the way back to The Sound of Her Wings.
olethros
13. Doug M.
note that Dream's downfall comes through the actions of three women -- Lyta, Nualia, and Thessaly. Take any of them out of the picture, and it doesn't work. Three women paralleling the Fates, of course, but also it's a callback to Dream's ever-fraught relationships. "You don't really like women, do you?"

note also that Dream's downfall comes from three acts of kindness and generosity -- to Orpheus, to Loki, and to Nualia. all three represent the ending of a punishment. Dream liberates Orpheus from his unbearable life, Loki from torment, and Nualia from servitude. again, take any of these out of the picture, and it doesn't work. no good deed goes unpunished.

Doug M.
olethros
14. Doug M.
going out a bit further on a nerd limb: most modern British writers of SFF have reacted to Doctor Who at some point, either for or against. I think you can argue with a straight face that Sandman is Doctor Who with the polarity reversed. Immortal with complex past who has fantastic adventures across space and time, yadda yadda. the Sandman is what Doctor Who would be if he'd never hit on the idea of having Companions.

the connection is nowhere more clear than in this episode. How does the Doctor die? sometimes heroically, sometimes killed by his enemies. but there's usually a strong element of choice involved. (Even when, like the Tenth Doctor, he "doesn't want to go".) he dies, and is replaced by a new Doctor with the same memories and powers but a new face and a new personality. "What died, then?" "A point of view."


Doug M.
alastair chadwin
15. a-j
Have to differ with the dismissal of the prologue. I liked it and it set up and/or reminded us to the various characters in Dream's land, some of whom are doomed. This fairly light-hearted piece, though with sinister elements, sets up nicely to the brilliant opening of the story proper.

It took a year to read on original publication? Ye Gods. I read it during a train journey and then had to sit for another twenty minutes at the station to finish it off before going back to work!

Oh, and add me to those who love the art work. Best in the whole run.

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