The Wheel of Time: English to Old Tongue Dictionary

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This Christmas, the Robert Jordan estate is offering a special holiday treat for fans of the author’s epic Wheel of Time fantasy series: The English-to-Old-Tongue Dictionary!

The Old Tongue is a fantasy language within Jordan’s Wheel of Time that is typically used in the story to signify important aspects of the universe, the knowledge of which proves key in the series’ ongoing battle against the Shadow. While it is reminiscent of Tolkien’s ground-up creation of Elvish languages for The Lord of the Rings, The Old Tongue differs in that Jordan took a top-down approach, creating a dictionary of terms from which some basic suffixes, roots, and usage rules emerged.

The English-to-Old-Tongue Dictionary is the counterpart to the Old-Tongue-to-English Dictionary found within The Wheel of Time Companion. It is being provided via Tor.com as a thank you to Wheel of Time fans from Harriet McDougal, Alan Romanczuk, Maria Simons, and the rest of Team Jordan.

Enjoy!

 

The Wheel of Time

English to Old Tongue Dictionary

A  |  B  |  C  |  D  |  E  |  F  |  G  |  H  |  I  |  J  |  K  |  L  |  M  |  N  |  O  |  P  |  Q  |  R  |  S  |  T  |  U  |  V  |  W  |  Y  |  Special Terms, Prefixes, Suffixes

A

a (adj.) — o

able (adj.) – folyt

about (adv. & prep.) — tiel

account (n.) — norvenne

acid (n.) — ghar

across (prep.) — gaen

act (v.) – bunok

addition (n.) – einto

adjustment (n.) – faerstin

after (adv., prep. & conj.) — widon

again (adv.) — nye

against (prep.) – bat

agony (n.) – dha

agreement (n.) – o’vin

air (n.) — raia

all (n.) – aes

all-powerful, the (n.) – ghraem

almost (adv.) — sast

always (adv.) – hei

am (v.) – misain (insistent; emphatic)

am no(t) (v. neg.) – isainde (insistent; emphatic)

among (prep.) — tom

amount (n.) – abakran

amusement (n.) — seel

and (conj.) – e

angle (n.) — lato

angry (adj.) – cavastu

anguish (n.) – dha

animal (n.) — ubunto

annihilation (n.) – bhan

anniversary marriage celebration (Saldaean) (n.) – shanna’har

another (adj.) — sovya

answer (n.) – conagh

ant (n.) — pizar

anxiety (n.) cuande (stress-induced condition experienced as chest pains)

any (pron., adj. & adv.) – shak

any other (adj.) — sovya

apparatus (n.) – jobei

apple (n.) – melimo

approval (n.) – modan

arch (n.) – onadh

argument (n.) — zheshi

arm (n.) – bazam

army (n.) – dumki

arrow (n.) – vasen

arrow of time (n.) – vasen’cierto

art (n.) – beatha

as (adv.) — sene

ask (v.) – devor

asked, what was (rel. pron.) – devoriska

at (prep.) — thaz

attack (n.) – baijan

attempt (n. & v.) – gomaen

attention (n.) — sahlan

attraction (n.) amotath

aunt (n.) — shaendi

authority (n.) — rahtsi

automatic (adj.) – n’baid

awake (adj.) – aagret

 

B

baby (n.) – bopo

back (n., adj. & adv.) — rakh

bad (adj.) – begoud

bag (n.) — sich

balance (n.) — rieht

ball (n.) – dhub

band (v.) – samid

band/brotherhood/group (n.) – shen

Band of the Red Hand (n.) – Shen an Calhar

banner, small (n.) – con

bar/barrier (n.) — vadin

base (n.) – nupar (as in bottom or support)

basin (n.) – dal

basket (n.) — vhool

bath (n.) – badan

battle (n., v. & adj.) – dai; gai (n.)

battle, key (n.) – gai’don (one that will decide the war)

battle blood (n.) – daishar (meaning, glory)

battle, brother to/of (n.) – gaidin (Aes Sedai word for Warders)

Battle Lord (n.) – Dai Shan (title for Lan)

battle person (n.) – algai

battle-related (adj.) – dhai

battle, those sworn to peace in (n.) – gai’shain (Aiel term)

beautiful (adj.) – n’am

beauty, female ideal of (n.) – boan

beauty, male ideal of (n.) – botay

because (conj.) — po

bed (n.) – desu

bee (n.) — souk

beet (n.) — birok

before (conj., prep. & adj.) – ailen

behavior (n.) — soovri

beldam (n.) – drova

beldam (possessive) — drovja

belief (n.) – astai

bell (n.) — kloye

belonging to (prep.) — d (implied ownership or inferior position)

beloved (adj.) – lan

bent (adj.) — slagh

berry (n.) — rimbai

betray (v.) – ishar

betrayal (n.) — ishavid

betrayer (n.) – isham

betrayer of hope (n.) – ishamael (name of a Forsaken)

between (adv. & prep.) — scrup

bird (n.) – kriko

birth (n.) — syndon

bit (past tense) (v.) – roedane

bite (v.) — roedna

bitter (adj.) – chaki

black (n. & adj.) – doon

Black Eyes (n.) – Seia Doon (Aiel warrior society)

Black Wind (n.) – Machin Shin (literally, ‘journey of destruction’)

blade (n.) – mandarb (name of Lan’s stallion); manshima

blade, related to (adj.) – man

blade, small (n.) – nai (knife-like)

blinder (n.) – samma

blood/bloodline (meaning descent or heritage) (n.) – shar (pl. is shari)

blood of battles (n.) – daishar (meaning, glory)

blow (v.) — khoop

blue (n. & adj.) – ascar; –era (suffix)

blue-eye (n.) – seiera (a flower in Baerlon; name of Min’s mare)

boar-horse (n.) – s’redit (used by Seanchan)

boar-like animal (n.) – capar (from Aiel Waste)

board (n.) – kontar

boat (n.) — nausig

body (n.) – chinnar

boiling (adj.) – merwon

bollocks (interjection) – tsag (obsenity uttered by Sammael)

bone (n.) —khadi

book (n.) — blagh

boot(s) (n.) – poulam

bottle (n.) — tsatsi

bowl (n.) — dal

box(es) (n.) – bah(a)

boy (n.) — yuntar

brain (n.) – sysyn

brake (n. & v.) – tsinas

branch (n.) — warat

brass (n.) — farhota

bread (n.) – bachri

breath (n.) – chati

brick (n.) — yedcost

bridge (n.) — spotsu

bright (adj.) — sheikar

bringers of (n.) — sheen

Bringers of Annihilation (n.) – Bhan’sheen (a Trolloc band)

broken (adj.) — yugol

brother (n.) – alantin; din (singular and plural)

Brothers of the Eagle (n.) – Far Aldazar Din (an Aiel warrior society)

brother to/of battle (n.) – gaidin (Aes Sedai word for Warders)

Brotherhood (n.) – Ko’bal (a Trolloc band; literally, circle of one)

brotherhood/band/group (n.) — shen

Brotherless, the (n.) – Mera’din (used by Aiel)

brown (n. & adj.) – deebo

brush (n.) — jhabal

Brutes of Venom (n.) – Ghar’ghael (a Trolloc band)

bucket (n.) – hutsah

builders (n.) – wansho (Shienaran term for the Ogier)

building (n.) – bhardo

building material (n.) – cueran (from Age of Legends)

bulb (n.) — tumerest

burn (n. & v.) — jalat

burst (v.) – doozhi

business (n.) — pantae

but (conj.) — no

butter (n.) – maspil

button (n.) — sobel

by (adv. & prep.) – dyu

 

C

cabbage (n.) — soudhov

cake (n.) — qaato

call (v.) – aven

canvas (n.) – azafi

card (n.) — wuseta

care (v.) – dinya

carriage (n.) — yeel

carry (v.) — soende

cart (n.) – kuruta

cat (n.) — miou

cause (v.) — hadzi

cavalry (n.) – caba’drin

certain (adj.) — zialin

chain (n.) – ketvar

chalk (n.) — vezo

chamberlain (male) (n.) – shambayan (Borderlands term)

chance (n.) – dane; variant is diane

change (v.) – gadou

chatalaine (female) (n.) – shatayan (Borderlands term)

cheap (adj.) — yaso

cheese (n.) – brynza

chest (n.) — gozai

chief (n.) – car

chief of chiefs (n.) – car’a’carn (capitalized when Aiel use the title for Dragon Reborn)

chiefs (n.) – carn

chin (n.) – ghazh

chopsticks (n.) – sursa (used in Tanchico)

chora tree (n.) – Avendesora; Avendoraldera is an offshoot found outside the Waste

Chosen Ones (n.) – Da’concion (Seanchan term)

circle (n.) – bal

Circle of One (n.) – Ko’bal (a Trolloc band; meaning, brotherhood)

civilization (n.) – aes

claw (n.) – cha

claw (v.) – chalot

clean (adj.) – tahni

clear (adj.) — udiya

clock (n.) — dali

cloth (n.) – cadi

clothes (n.) – cadin

clothes, working (n.) – cadin’sor (worn by Aiel)

cloud(s) (n.) — dhakdi

coal (n.) – borz

coat (n.) — thorat

coffee (n.) – kaf (from Seanchan)

cold (n. & adj.) — zanda

collar (n.) — potsa

color (n.) – keymar

comb (n.) — shodet

come (do come) (v.) – ca’lyet; lyet

comfort (n.) – holubi

committee (n.) — yabedin

common (adj.) — yabbeth

company (n.) – bhadi

comparison (n.) – ohimat

competition (n.) – yaanaho

complete (v.) — zaffi

complex (adj.) – dae

complex game (n.) – dae’mar

concubine (n.) – asa (in Seanchan)

condition (n.) – shaff

connection (n.) — wabunen

conscious (adj.) – bighar

container (n.) – cour

control (v.) – mat

cook (n.) – rennen

cook (v.) – renni

copper (n. & adj.) – staba

copy (n.) — toulat

cord (n.) – dao

cork (n.) – fringfran

corn (n.) – zemai (from Aiel Waste)

cotton (n. & adj.) – algode (plant fiber from Aiel Waste)

cough (v.) – anouge

country (n.) – nyala

cover (v.) — wapro

cow (n.) – dudhi

coward, base or low (n. & adj.) — parano

crack (v.) – bairnu

credit (n.) – cheghar

crime (n.) – daarlot

cruel (adj.) — vrang

crush (v.) — maromi

cry (v.) — gheuth

cup (n.) — fintan

current, as in a river (n.) – ahenila

curtain (n.) – arahar

curve (v.) – ghal

cushion (n.) – nahodil

cut (v.) – nob

cutter (n.) — nor

 

D

dagger (n.) – gar; nai

daisy (n.) – mageen

damage (v.) — yohini

dance, type of (n.) – tiganza (Tinker dance); sara (Saldaean dance performed by women)

dancer(s) (n.) – hama (implies stately grace and fluidity)

dancer from Age of Legends (n.) – daien

danger (n.) – orobar

dark (as in pitch-darkness; indication of evil or wrong) (n. & adj.) — shaidar

dark, very (n. & adj.) – doon

Dark One (name) (n.) – Shai’tan

Darkfriend (n.) – Atha’an Shadar (literally, Darkfriend)

darkness, total (n.) — zamon

daughter (n.) – la

daughter of the night (n.) – lanfear (name of a Forsaken)

dawn (n.) – rahien

Dawn Runners (n.) – Rahien Sorei (Aiel warrior society)

day (n.) — nag

dead, the (n.) — ayend

dear (adj.) – aada

death (adj.) – mordero

debt (n.) – potadi

decision (n.) — watari

dedicated (n. & adj.) – aiel

deep (adj.) – nush

degree (n.) — zarin

delicate (adj.) – binti

dependent (adj.) — diband

derived from (suffix) – dera

design (n.) — hienisus

desire (v.) — belo

desire to have (n.) – be’lal (the Envious, name of a Forsaken)\

despised (adj.) — tsang

despised one (n.) – da’tsang (used by Aiel)

destined (adj.) – maral

destroyer (n.) – samma

destroyer of hope (n.) – sammael (name of a Forsaken)

destruction (n.) – machin

detail (n.) — platto

determined (adj.) – cierto

devastation (n.) – knotai

development (n.) — kramayage

devoted one (n.) – ba’asa

dice (n.) – dovie’andi

different (adj.) – shitak

digestion (n.) – taberan

direction (n.) — topito

dirty (adj.) — mitris

discovery (n.) – kaarash

discussion (n.) –korero

disease (n.) — spillon

disgust (n.) – agaroum

distance (n.) – beratam

distribution (n.) – nemhage

division (n.) — uldatein

do (v. aux.) – ca (used as an intenfier; e.g., “I do come”)

dog (n.) – shae

dogs (n.) – shae’en

Doom Pit (n.) – Shayol Ghul

door (n.) — obanda

doubt (n.) – bhuk

down (adj., adv. & prep.) – moro

downcast (adj.) — mosiev

dragon (n.) – aman (capitalized to mean the Dragon)

drain (v.) — vraak

drawer (n.) — olghan

dream (n.) – hou’dabor

dress (n.) — sleesh

drink (v.) — probita

drive (v.) – manive

driving (n. & adj.) – manivin

drop (v.) — rumpo

dry (adj.) – khust

dust (n.) — yekko

duty (n.) – toh (used by the Aiel)

 

E

eagle(s) (n.) – aldazar

ear (n.) – habish

early (adj.) – spondat

earth (n.) — zhoub

east (n., adj. & adv.) – hochin

edge (n.) — yamar

education (n.) — sunatien

effect (n.) – ptash

egg (n.) — urkros

eight (adj.) – minyat (material objects); minye (immaterial things)

elastic (adj.) — zahert

emotion (n.) – kanjo

Empress (n.) – Sh’boan (Sharan term)

Empress’ consort (n.) – Sh’botay (Sharan term)

end (v.) — velu

enduring (adj.) – cierto

enemy (n.) — indemela

engine (n.) – chicaba

enough (n., adj. & adv.) – purtah

entity (n.) — so

Envious, the (n.) – Be’lal (name of a Forsaken; literally, desire to have)

equal (n., adj. & v.) — perit

equivalent value (n.) — carentin

eradication (n.) – bhan

error (n.) — zyntam

essence (n.) – balt

essence of youth (n.) – balthamel (name of a Forsaken)

even (adj.) – glasti

event (n.) — whandin

ever (adv.) – aend

everyone (n.) – aes

exaltation (n.) – jhin

example (n.) — sidhat

exchange (v.) – feiro

existence (n.) – humat

expansion (n.) – pedalen

experience (n.) – proyago

expert (n. & adj.) — yalait

exquisite (adj.) – jheda (name of the royal palace of Ghealdan)

eye(s) (n.) – seia (becomes sei when used in combined forms)

Eye Blinders (n.) – Samma N’Sei

eyes, (of) lowered or downcast (adj.) – sei’mosiev (Seanchan term indicating loss of face or honor)

eyes, (of) straight or level (adj.) – sei’taer (Seanchan term indicating having or gaining face)

 

F

face (n.) – cheta

fact (n.) – papp

fade (v.) — vyen

falcon (n.) — faile

Falcon’s Talon, the (n.) – Cha Faile (name taken by Faile’s followers)

fall (v.) – lendha

false (adj.) – suzain

family (n.) — weladhi

far (adj. & adv.) — totah

farm (n.) — jemena

fat (adj.) – boko

father (n.) – dada

father(s)/sire(s) (n.) – vol (specific to a male who has used brutal means, i.e., a rapist)

father of ranges (n.) – dadaranell (from ancient name for Fal Dara)

favor (v.) — taishite

fear (n.) – daghain

feather (n.) — velin

feeble (adj.) – gubbel

feeling (n.) – kutya

fertile (adj.) — whado

fiction (n.) – istor

field (n.) — vlagh

fight (v.) — alget

fighter (n.) – algai

final (adj.) — tarmon

finder (n.) – jeade

finger (n.) — ungost

fire (n.) — nabir

first (n., adj. & adv.) — koyn

first lover (n.) – carneira (Malkieri)

fish (n.) — mastri

five (n. & adj.) – choryat (material objects); chorye (immaterial things)

fix (v.) – ursta

fixed (adj.) — urstae

flag (n.) – laero

flame (n.) — naito

Flame and the Void, the (n.) – ko’di (a meditative state)

flat (adj.) – dzigal

flight (n.) — vavaya

floor (n.) — boesin

flower (n.) – bijoun

fly (v.) – raf

fold (v.) — viliso

folk (n.) – atha’an (nationhood implied)

food (n.) — werstom

foolbox (n.) – nar’baha (traveling boxes used by Sammael)

foolish (adj.) — narfa

foot/on foot/afoot (n., adj. & adv.) – muad

footmen (n.) – muad’drin

for (prep.) — ni

for the (prep.) – al; an

force (n.) — nadula

forerunners (n.) – hailene (Seanchan term)

forgiveness (n.) – hessa

fork (n.) — kashen

form (n.) – bideli

forthright (adj.) — taer

forward (direction) (adv.) – dar; los (n., adj. & adv.)

four (adj.) – otyat (material objects); otye (immaterial things)

fowl (n.) – ayashiel

frame (n.) — lamena

free (v.) – ayende

free man (n.) – caballein

free(dom) (n. & adj.) — raha

frequent (adj.) — moodi

friend (n.) – amela

from (prep.) – der

from, derived (suffix) — dera

front (n. & adj.) – beulin

full (adj.) — nahobo

future (n. & adj.) – mamai

 

G

game (n.) — mar

Game of Houses (n.) – Daes Dae’mar

garden (n.) – ferster

general (n.) – kelindun (military rank)

get (v.) — tana

girl (n.) – inda

give (v.) – nolve

give, you (v.) – ma

given, is (v.) – nolvae

glass (n.) — vartan

glory (n.) – daishar; kiserai

Glory of All (n.) – Aesdaishar (name of palace in Chachin)

glove (n.) — swabel

go (v.) – jalou

goat (n.) — ozela

gold(en) (n. & adj.) — cair

gold(en), the (adj.) – al’cair

Golden Bowl, the (n.) – Al’Cair Dal (canyon in the Aiel Waste)

Gold(en) Dawn Hill (n.) – Al’Cair’Rhaienallen (ancient name for Cairhien)

golden eyes (n.) – sei’cair (Aiel title for Perrin)

good (adj.) – uiwa

government (n.) — vlafael

grain (n.) – kazka

grass (n.) — zurye

grave (n.) – moridin (name of a Forsaken, the word referring to death)

gray (adj.) — tezra

great (adj.) – dae

Great Game, The (n.) – Daes Dae’mar

green (n. & adj.) – drosin

grip (v.) – duente

group/band/brotherhood (n.) – shen

growth (n.) — suchan

grub (n.) – motai (a specific sweet, crunchy grub found in the Aiel Waste)

guard (prefix) – ashan

guard (n.) – valdar

guard (v.) — valon

guard of the blade (n.) – asha’man

guard sword (n.) – ashandarei (Birgitte’s name for Mat’s sword)

guide (n. & v.) — ranzak

 

H

hag (n.) – drova

hag (possessive) – drovja

hair (n.) — vokosh

hair cord (n.) – daori (cut by Malkieri’s carneira and woven into a cord)

hammer (n.) — marcador

hand (n.) – har(an)

Hand of the Dark (n.) – Shaidar Haran (name of an “extreme” Myrddraal)

hands (n.) – sovin (if unmodified, “hands that are open and empty”)

hanging (n. & adj.) – wafal

happy (adj.) — zanzi

harbor (n.) — calazar

hard (adj.) — batthien

harmony (n.) – aris

Harvesters of Souls (n.) – Ghob’hlin (a Trolloc band)

hat (n.) — tarbun

hate (n.) — nirdayn

have (v.) – lal

he (pron.) — sin

he who soars (n.) – mah’alleinir (name of Perrin’s Power-wrought sword)

head (n.) — tiest

headband, Malkieri (n.) – hadori

health (n.) – shuk

healthy (adj.) — shukri

hearing (n.) — bhashan

heart (n.) – balt; corda (as in, the heart of things); cuendar (can also be adj.)

Heart Guard, the (n.) – Valdar Cuebeyari (Heart refers to the Nation/People/Land)

heart, my (n.) – cuebiyar (when capitalized, it refers to heart of a nation/people/ruler)

Heart of the Dark (n.) – Ba’alzamon (another name for the Forsaken Ishamael)

Heart of the People (n.) – Cordamora (the palace in Maradon)

heartstone (n.) – cuendillar

heat (n.) – jalid

help (v.) — spiat

herd (n.) – for

here (n. & adv.) – kodome

high (adj.) — mund

hill (n.) – allen

history (n.) – khalig

hold (v.) – sul; duente

hole (n.) — ghul

hollow (adj.) – ghow

Homecomers (n.) – Rhyagelle (Seanchan term)

honor (n.) – carai (can be used in the sense of “for the honor”); ji; kiserai

honor (n. & v.) — tsingu

honor and obligation (n.) – ji’e’toh (used by Aiel)

honorable one (n.) – kiseran (Siuan addressed Loial in this manner)

hook (n.) — zhoh

hope (n.) – mael

horn (n.) — purvene

horror (n.) — dhjin

horse (n.) – caba

horse to ride (n.) – caba’donde

horseman (n.) – caba’drin; caballein

hospital (n.) — ospouin

hour (n.) – baroc

house (n.) — shaek

how (adv.) – bak

humor (n.) — salidien

hundred (n. & adj.) – deshi (meaning one hundred)

hundreds (suffix) – deshi (denotes the quantitative place value)

 

I

I (pron.) – ye (sometimes used as an exclamatory fragment)

ice (n.) — youst

idea (n.) – prasta

if (conj.) — sob

ill (adj.) – bokhen

important (adj.) – matuet

impulse (n.) – obram

in (adv. & prep.) – sa

increase (v.) — whakatu

individual (n.) – da (either gender)

industry (n.) — santhal

infantry(men) (n.) – muad’drin

ink (n.) — veel

inn (n.) – melaz

insect (n.) – tanilji

instrument (n.) — tatatoun

insurance (n.) — straviant

interest (n.) — dibbuk

intricate (adj.) – dae

intricate game (n.) – dae’mar

invention (n.) – havokiz

iron (n. & adj.) — shiatar

is (v.) – ain; ga; isain (a form of ‘to be’); sain

is no(t) (v. neg.) – isainde (insistent; emphatic)

island (n.) — chanukar

it (pron.) – aso

it(self) (pron.) — se

 

J

jewel (n.) – keisa

jewelry (n.) – kesiera (worn on forehead, as did Moiraine); ki’sain (Malkieri woman’s forehead adornment)

join (v.) – heatsu

journey (n.) — shin

Journey of Destruction (n.) – Machin Shin (aka Black Wind)

judge (n. & v.) — vodish

jump (v.) – shao

 

K

keep (v.) — tyaku

kennel (n.) — rainn

kettle (n.) — jalbouk

key (n.) – allwair

kick (v.) – kathana

kind (adj.) — yappa

kiss (n. & v.) – brith

kitchen (n.) – rensal

knee (n.) — shost

knife (n.) – nai

Knife Hands (n.) – Sovin Nai (Aiel warrior society)

knot (n. & v.) – buido

knowledge (n.) — sanasant

 

L

lacking (prep.) — mera

land (n.) – dhol

land, a (n.) – rhiod

land of harmony (n.) – aridhol (a city of the Second Convenant)

language (n.) — domorakoshi

last (n. & adj.) – cyn; tarmon (adj.)

Last Battle, the (n.) – Tarmon Gai’don (not italicized because of everyday usage)

last chance (n.) – cyndane (name given to reincarnated Lanfear)

late (adj. & adv.) — unyat

laugh (v.) – kuthli

law (n.) — vidhel

lead (v.) – hael

leader (n.) – m’hael (if capitalized, implies ‘Supreme Leader’, per Taim)

Leader of the Attack (n.) – Baijan’m’hael

learning (n.) — koanto

leash (n.) – a’dam (used by Seanchan); dam

leash holder (n.) – sul’dam (Seanchan term)

leashed (n.) – damane (used by Seanchan to mean leashed one)

leather (n.) — parikesh

left-hand or left-side (adj.) – osan

left-hand dagger (n.) – osan’gar (name of a Forsaken)

leg (n.) — uvaal

lessons (n.) — mestani

lessons, teacher of (n.) – mesaana (name of a Forsaken)

let (v.) — youna

lethal weapon (n.) — gar

letter (n.) – brett

level (adj.) — taer

library (n.) – sa’blagh

lies (n.) – ansoen

life (n.) — sora

lift (v.) — padgi

light (n.) – dival

like (v. & adv.) – sene

limit (n.) – ghleb

line (n.) – pinikar

linen (n. & adj.) — shaval

lip (n.) — kadu

liquid (adj.) – budhvai

list (n.) – kikola

little (adj.) — min

living (n. & adj.) — airach

living organism (n.) – agit

lizard (n.) – gara (a specific, poisonous creature from Aiel Waste)

lock (n.) – clomak

long (adj) — laada

look (v.) – gouql

loose (adj.) — woudem

lord (n.) – shan

Lord of Glory (n.) – Tai’daishar (literally, True Glory or True Blood of Battle; name of Rand’s horse)

loss (n.) — thorain

lost (adj.) — niende

loud (adj.) – mad

loud noise (n.) – sha’mad (thunder)

love (n. & v.) – mashi

love, my (n.) – mashiara (a hopeless love, maybe already lost)

lover, first (n.) – carneira (Malkieri)

low (adj.) – mosai

lower (adj.) — szere

lower (v.) – mosiel

lowered (adj.) — mosiev

luck (n.) — dovienya

lucky (adj.) – dovie (or, related to luck)

 

M

machine (n.) — worshi

made, is (v.) – gemarisae

maiden(s) (n.) — mai

Maidens of the Spear (n.) – Far Dareis Mai (an Aiel warrior society)

maize (n.) – zemai (from Aiel Waste)

majesty (n.) – deyeniye

make (v.) – gemarise; tasu

man (n.) – allein; drin (sing. & plur.); sin

manage (v.) — rabat

manure (n.) – choss (excrement hauled away on farms)

many (adj. suffix) — es

many people (n.) – daes

map (n.) – procol

mark (n.) – rouyte

market (n.) — zladtar

married (adj.) – cassort

mass (v.) — pentor

master (n. prefix) – der (Seanchan prefix to denote master of some craft)

match (v.) — wanda

material (n.) – loftan

may (v.) — punia

me (pron.) – mia; no

Me, One Who Owns (n.) – Mia’cova (term used by Moghedien, after the mindtrap)

meal (n.) — witapa

measure (n. & v.) – gheym

meat (n.) – muaghde

medical (adj.) — restar

meeting (n.) – lashite

memory/memories (n.) – loviyaga/loviyagae

metal (n.) – caledon

middle (n. & adj.) — mist

mighty, the (n.) – ghraem

military (n. & adj.) – lennito

milk (n.) – mokol

mind (n.) – souvra

mind, my own (comb.) — souvraya

mindtrap (n.) – cour’souvra (used on the Forsaken)

mine (poss. pron.) — raya

minute (n.) – glimp

mist (n.) — neb

mixed (adj.) — komad

mobility, indication of (prep.) — far

money (n.) – dhalen

monkey (n.) – lindhi

month (n.) — nakhino

moon (n.) – bumma

morning (n.) — morasu

mother (n.) — mamu

motion (n.) — lakevan

mountain(s) (n. & adj.) — dore

mountains, of/from the (adj.) – n’dore

Mountain Dancers (n.) – Hama N’dore (Aiel warrior society)

Mountain Home (n.) – Manetheren (one of the Ten Nations)

mountain range(s) (n.) — ranell

mouth (n.) – mafal

move (v.) — vakar

much (adj. & adv.) — plean

muscle (n.) – hathi

mushroom(s) (n.) — mourets

music (n.) – asmodi

musician (n.) – asmodean (name of a Forsaken)

my (poss. pron.) – mi

my own (poss. pron.) — raya

My Owner (n.) – Mia’cova (Moghedien, after the mindtrap)

myself (pron.) — mia

 

N

nail (n.) – hakhel

name (n. & v.) – yalu

narrow (adj.) — zengar

natural (adj.) – dyani

near (adj., adv. & prep.) — ragha

necessary (adj.) – maast

necessity (n.) — mestrak

neck (n.) – liede

need (n.) — zeltain

needle, type of (n.) – conje (mentioned by Sammael)

nephew (n.) – finin

nerve (n.) — wagg

net (n.) — upendar

never (adv.) — sind

new (adj.) — neidu

news (n.) – canant

niece (n.) — qinar

night (n.) – anfear; cor; fear

Night Spears (n.) – Cor Darei (Aiel warrior society)

nine (n. & adj.) – navyat (material objects); navye (immaterial things)

no (n. & adv.) – inde (a general negation)

noise (n.) — sha

none (pron.) — pas

normal (adj.) — gidhi

north (n., adj. & adv.) — torreale

nose (n.) — nothru

not (n. & adv.) – inde (a general negation)

note (n.) – dahid

now (n. & adv.) — waji

number (n.) — punta

nut (n.) – doti

 

O

oath (n.) – gurupat

obligation (n.) – toh (used by the Aiel)

obscenity, an (adj.) – kjasic (spoken by Sammael)

observation (n.) – lahdin

obstinate (adj.) — seren

ocean (n.) — miere

of (prep.) – a; an; d (implied ownership or inferior position); far

of the (prep.) – al; an

of the fallen/dead (prep.) – ayend’an

of the power to channel (n.) – angreal (device that enhances the power to channel)

of the power to channel (limited or specific application) (n.) – ter’angreal

of the power to channel (superlative) (n.) – sa’angreal

off (prep.) — wek

offer (v.) – homa

office (n.) — mystvo

oil (n.) – hoba

old (adj.) – caisen

on (prep.) — ost

one (n. & adj.) – aan (masc.); da (either gender)

one (numerical adj.) – koyat (material objects); koye (immaterial things)

One Man (n.) – Aan’allein (Aiel term for Lan)

one who must be leashed (n.) – marath’damane (Seanchan word)

One Who Owns Me (n.) – Mia’cova (used by Moghedien, after the mindtrap)

one who twists a blade (n.) – demandred (name of a Forsaken)

Oneness, the (n.) – ko’di (a meditative state)

only (adj. & adv.) — noup

only true (adj. & adv.) – jenn (implying the others are fake)

open (adj.) – ortu

operation (n.) — paathala

opinion (n.) – haar

opposite (n., adj. & prep.) — vyropat

or (conj.) — ob

order (n.) – kasaar

organization (n.) — vyashak

ornament (n.) – casgard

our (poss. pron.) – fel

out (adv. & prep.) – keesh

oven (n.) — roban

over (prep.) — do

owned (n. & adj.) – covale (Seanchan term for slave)

owner (n.) – cova

 

P

page (n.) — leagh

paid, is (past part.) – dalae

pain (n.) – mirhage (or the promise or expectation of pain)

pain, the promise or embodiment of (n.) – semirhage (name of a Forsaken)

paint (v.) – mahrba

pants (n.) – olesti

paper (n.) — pepa

parallel (adj.) – naparet

parcel (n.) — zemliat

part (n.) — hafi

pass (v.) – allende (as passing through or by, not handing something over)

pass (n.) – mafal

Pass At the Father of Mountain Ranges (n.) – Mafal Dadaranell (ancient name of Fal Dara)

past (n. & adj.) – culieb

paste (n.) – hasta

Pattern, those who alter or are tied to (n.) – ta’veren (those who cause the fabric of the Pattern to bend around them)

Pattern-related (n.) — ta

pay (v.) – dale

payment (n.) – peast

peace (n.) – shain; suravye

peach (n.) — pierskoe

pen (n.) — perol

pencil (n.) — olivem

people (n.) – atha’an (nationhood implied)

people, the (n.) — mora

People Dedicated to Peace (n.) – Da’shain (an Aiel term)

People of the Ocean or Waves (n.) – Atha’an Miere (Sea Folk)

People of the Shadow (n.) – Atha’an Shadar (Darkfriend)

person (n.) – atha; da (either gender)

physical (adj.) — yaati

picture (n.) – dabor

piece, a small (n.) — rhub

pig (n.) — orcel

pig, tusked water (n.) – nedar (type of pig found in the Drowned Lands)

pin (n.) – killo

pipe (n.) — zalabadh

pit (n.) — ghul

place (n.) – fonnai

place of waiting (n.) – logoth

plane (n.) — undacar

plant (n.) – gobhat

plate (n.) — tippat

play (v.) – buggel

please (v.) – graedo

pleasure (n.) – graen

plow (n. & v.) – orichu

pocket (n.) — viboin

point (n.) – tunga

poison (n.) — zintabar

polish (v.) — evierto

political (adj.) – dekhar

poor (n. & adj.) — olma

population, a (n.) – mora

porter (n.) — wahati

position (n.) — obiyar

possible (adj.) – mozhlit

pot (n.) — wixi

potato (n.) – patomi

powder (n.) — zipan

power to channel, the (n.) – greal

Power, the (female side) (n.) – saidar

Power, the (male side) (n.) — saidin

prepare (insistent) (v.) — rhadiem

present (n. & adj.) — platip

price (n.) – ciyat

print (v.) — orvieda

prison (n.) — nayabo

private (adj.) — mukhrat

prized (adj.) — lan

Prized of the Mighty (n.) – Ghraem’lan (a Trolloc band)

probable (adj.) — tebout

process (n.) — prashat

produce (n.) — nodavat

profit (v.) – gashi

promise (n.) – o’vin; vin

promise of freedom (n.) – rahvin (name of a Forsaken)

property (n. & adj.) – covale (Seanchan term for slave)

prose (n.) – chatkar

protest (v.) – pastien

pull (v.) — tirast

pump (v.) – harvo

punishment (n.) — karagaeth

purpose (n.) — ghani

push (v.) – druna

put (v.) – komo

 

Q

quality (n.) — shaani

quarrymen, a country with (n.) – s’Gandin (a place from Age of Legends mentioned by Brigitte)

question (v.) – feist

quick (adj.) — kakamo

quiet (adj.) – bebak

quite (adv.) – koult

 

R

radiance (n.) — sidama

rail (n.) – griest

rain (n. & v.) – ombrede

rat (n.) – soetam (large species found in the Drowned Lands); sorda (species found in the Aiel Waste)

rate (n.) – chegham

ray (n.) — varma

reaction (n.) — mawaith

reading (n.) – jaahni

ready (adj.) – tashi

reason (n.) – taskel

receipt (n.) — velach

record (n.) — tefara

red (n. & adj.) – cal; dor

red eagle (n.) – al caldazar; caldazar

red hand (n.) — calhar

Red Shields (n.) – Aethan Dor (an Aiel warrior society)

regret (n. & v.) — whudra

regular (adj.) – pravilam

relation (n.) — rodinat

release (v.) – ayende

representative (n.) — xurzan

request (v.) — saizo

resolute (adj.) – cierto

respect (n.) — tyagani

responsible (adj.) – hodifo

rest (v.) — yasipa

Return, The (n.) – Corenne (Seanchan concept)

reward (n.) — labani

rhythm (n.) – bodong

rice (n.) — rhaul

ride (v.) – donde (or, riding-related)

right-hand or right-side (adj.) – aran

right-hand dagger (n.) – aran’gar (name of a reborn Forsaken)

ring (n.) – onguli

road (n.) — rastra

rod (n.) – kelet

roll (v.) — tovya

roof (n.) – chelan

room (n.) — zemya

root (n.) — balt

rose (n.) – ande

Rose of the Sun, the (n.) – Ellisande (what the last queen of Manetheren, Eldrene, was called)

rough (adj.) — xazzi

round (adj.) – rulli

rub (v.) — terta

ruin (n.) – knotai

rule (n. & v.) — vastri

run (v.) – sorbe

runner(s) (n.) — sorei

 

S

sad (adj.) – fada

safe (adj.) — tumasen

sail (v.) – fakha

salt (n.) — zela

same (pron., adj. & adv.) – qaiset

sand (n.) — xentro

say (v.) — kazath

scale (n.) — cloriol

school (n.) – arkati

science (n.) – nachna

scissors (n.) — pashren

screw (v.) – bhoot

scythe, related to (adj.) — mon

Scythes of Devastation (n.) Kno’mon (a Trolloc band)

Scythes of War (n.) – Dhai’mon (a Trolloc band)

seat (n.) – banta

second (n. & adj.) – dvoyn

secret (n. & adj.) — tongel

secretary (n.) — odik

see (v.) – darshi

seed (n.) — vetan

seeker/seekers (n.) – mahdi/ mahdi’in (used for leader of Tuatha’an caravan)

seeking man of the stars (n.) – mah’alleinir (literal translation; name of Perrin’s Power-wrought hammer)

seem (v.) — umeil

selection (n.) — tipakati

self (n. & adj.) – baid

send (v.) – heinst

sense (n.) — vaakaja

separate (adj.) — roscher

serious (adj.) – darm

servant(s) (n.) — sedai

Servants of All (n.) – Aes Sedai

seven (adj.) – sukyat (material objects); sukye (immaterial things)

sex (n.) — sterpan

shade (n.) – dhamel

shadow (n.) – shadar

Shadow, Cutter (or Slicer) of the Shadow (n.) – Shadar Nor (name given to Latra Posae)

Shadow’s Waiting/Where the Shadow Waits (n.) – Shadar Logoth (name of the city Aridhol that became tainted with evil)

shake (v.) — raqit

shame (n.) – mikra

sharp (adj.) — xelt

she (pron.) – sar

she/the woman who is dedicated (n.) – shaiel (Tigraine’s Aiel name)

sheep (n.) — varkol

shelf (n.) — polov

shield(s) (n.) – aethan

ship (n.) — wakaput

shirt (n.) – galamok

shock (n.) — vream

shoe (n.) – kesool

short (adj.) — toopan

shut (v. & adj.) — chukhar

sick (adj.) – bokhen

side (n.) — xeust

sign (n.) — wishti

silk (n.) – qamir

silver (n. & adj.) – torian

simple (adj.) — wadlian

Sires of Agony (n.) – Dha’vol (a Trolloc band)

sister (n.) – dar

six (adj.) – panyat (material objects); panye (immaterial things)

size (n.) – katien

skin (n.) — timari

skinny (adj.) — poldar

skirt (n.) – caili

sky (n.) — oghri

slave (n.) – da’covale (Seanchan term; preferred form is covale, for property)

sleep (v.) – houma

slicer (n.) — nor

slicer of the living (n.) – aginor (a Forsaken)

slip (v.) — uttat

slope (n.) — ronagh

slow (adj.) – balad

small (adj.) – chinti

smash (v.) — uglat

smell (v.) — nais

smile (n. & v.) – attik

smoke (n. & v.) – ghuni

smooth (adj.) – heesh

snake (n.) — nagaru

snake, type of (n.) – coreer (from Age of Legends)

sneeze (v.) – chitzi

snow (n. & v.) — yazpa

so (adv. & conj.) – moro

soap (n.) — svayor

society (n.) — panjami

sock (n.) – mustiel

soft (adj.) — zaleen

soil (n.) — feros

soldier(s) (n.) – drin

solid (adj.) – garan

some (pron. & adj.) — odi

son (n.) – alep

song (n.) – dena

sort (v.) — vidnu

soul, the (n.) — ghoba

Soulless (n.) – Al’ghol (name of Trolloc band); gholam (a Shadowspawn)

sound (v.) – diy

sounder (n.) – diynen (one who produces a sound)

soup (n.) – chanda

south (n., adj. & adv.) – djanzei

sovereign (n. & adj.) — tan

space (n.) – hirato

spade (n.) — obidum

spawn (n.) – bajad

speak (v.) — nosane

speaker (n.) – feia

Speaker of the Truth (Seanchan) (n.) – Soe’feia

spear (n.) – dareis (Aiel); plural is darei

spear fighters (n.) – algai’d’siswai (an Aiel term)

spear(s) of the dragon (n.) – siswai’aman (term used by the Aiel)

special (adj.) – bolar

spider (n.) – moghedien (a particular breed: small and poisonous; name of a Forsaken)

sponge (n.) – otiel

spoon (n.) — wastin

spring (n.) — vesna

square (n. & adj.) — ploushin

stage (n.) – leffal

stamp (n.) — tamu

star(s) (n.) – onir

start (v.) — pochivat

statement (n.) – furthadin

station (v.) — vaeku

steady (adj.) — taer

steel (n. & adj.) – kesan

stem (n.) — stobur

step (v.) — nieya

sticky (adj.) – baichan

stiff (adj.) — tolin

still (adj.) – bift

stitch (n.) — zinik

stocking (n.) — pinchota

stomach (n.) — bloobh

stone (n.) – andillar; suffix form is –dillar; taal (n. & adj.)

stone, of (adj.) – m’taal

Stone Dogs (n.) – Shae’en M’taal (Aiel warrior society)

stop (v.) – desta

store (n.) – kramtor

storm (n.) – tsorovan (sometimes meaning a smaller storm)

storm, winter (n.) – cemaros (specifically, a tempest from Sea of Storms)

Storm Leader (n.) – Tsorovan’m’hael (what the Asha’man Gedwyn called himself)

story (n.) — yatanel

strange (adj.) – choutsin

steam (n.) — smoog

street (n.) — ravad

stretch (v.) — gruget

strive (n., v. & adj.) – dai

stones (n.) – no’ri (modern name of ancient game from Moridin POV)

straight/straightforward (adj.) — taer

strong (adj.) — frait

Strong Wind (n.) – Ahf’frait (a Trolloc band)

structure (n.) — houghan

struggle (n., v. & adj.) – dai

stubborn (adj.) – seren

stubborn daughter (n.) – serenla (name that Siuan gave to Min)

stubborn one (n.) – serenda (also name of the Amadician king’s palace)

substance (n.) — sulwed

such (adj.) – prato

sudden (adj.) — rabdo

sugar (n.) — medan

suggestion (n.) – breudon

summer (n.) — laido

summons (n.) – concion

sun (n.) — ellis

support (n.) – chenal

surprise (n.) — ubriva

swallow (n.) – akein (bird)

swear (v.) – begrat

sweat tent scraping stick (n.) – staera (made of copper, used by Aiel)

sweet (adj.) – chalin

sweet girl (n.) – chalinda (Old Tongue name give to Min by Siuan)

swim (v.) — marna

sword (n.) – manshima

sword, my own (n.) — manshimaya

sword, related to (adj.) — man

Sword that is not a Sword, The (n.) — Callandor

sworn (adj.) – begratanae

system (n.) — trefon

 

T

table (n.) — ramay

tail (n.) — kovist

take (v.) — harben

Taker of Souls (n.) – Gho’hlem (a Trolloc band)

talk (v.) — bolga

tall (adj.) – aird

talon (n.) – cha

taste (n.) — spashoi

tax (n.) – kaarto

teacher (n.) — saana

teacher of lessons (n.) –mesaana (name of a Forsaken)

teaching (n.) — saantar

tempest (n.) – cemaros (specifically, a winter storm from Sea of Storms)

ten (adj.) – desyat (material objects); desye (immaterial things)

tendency (n.) — pranent

terror (n.) – dhjin

test (v.) – profel

than (conj.) — yak

that (pron. & adj.) — wot

themselves (pron.) — se

then (n. & adv.) — patra

theory (n.) – dantor

there (n. & adv.) — koja

thick (adj.) – doorn

thin (adj.) – simp

thing (n.) — so

this (pron., adj. & adv.) – iqet

those who cause change or are tied to change (n.) — veren

Those Who Cause Terror (n.) – Dhjin’nen (a Trolloc band)

Those Who Come Before (n.) – Hailene (Seanchan term)

Those Who Come Home (n.) – Rhyagelle (Seanchan term)

those who exemplify something (n.) — sheen

those who must be leashed (n.) – marath’damane (Seanchan word)

though (conj.) — zazit

thought (n.) – nardes

thousand, one (adj.) — tuhat

thousands (suffix) – tuhat (as in, tre’tuhat, meaning 3,000)

thread (n.) – gadhat

three (adj.) – treyat (material objects); treye (immaterial things)

throat (n.) — pyast

through/through this or it (prep.) — nesodhin

thumb (n.) – ibalets

thunder (n.) – sha’mad

Thunder Walkers (n.) – Sha’mad Conde (Aiel warrior society)

thus (adv.) – ghiro

ticket (n.) – kippat

tight (adj.) — kritam

till (v.) – hosiya

time (n.) – sag

time, it is (n.) — sagain

tin (n.) — olcam

tired (adj.) – claddin

title, a (n.) – Nae’blis (Shaitan’s first lieutenant)

to (prep.) – ti

to/to the (prep.) — tia

toe (n.) – ocarn

together (adv.) – perant

tomato (n.) – t’mat (from the Aiel Waste)

tomb (n.) – moridin (name of a Forsaken, the word referring to death)

tomorrow (n. & adv.) — welakai

tongue (n.) – diutic

tooth (n.) – jabro

top (n. & adj.) – otou

touch (v.) — torkat

tower (n.) – tar

tower of man (n.) – tarasin (name of palace in Ebou Dar)

Tower that Guards (n.) – Tar Valon

town (n.) – lagien

trade (n.) — masnad

train (n.) – cantheal

transparent (adj.) — telio

transport (v.) — ethaantar

trap (n.) – cour

traveler (n.) – tuatha (one going from one place to another; can be a vagabond)

traveling box(es) (n.) – nar’baha (foolbox(es) used by Sammael)

Traveling People, the (n.) – Tuatha’an

tray (n.) — usont

treaty (n.) – dae’vin

tree(s) (n.) – avende

Tree of Life (n.) – Avendesora; Avendoraldera is an offshoot found outside the Waste

treebrother (n.) – t’ingshen (compound word used in addressing Ogier, meaning “to you—representing something most important (i.e., the tree)—in brotherhood”)

trick (v.) — risor

trouble (n.) – lishno

trousers (n.) — theini

true (adj. & adv.) – jenn; tai (adj.; plural is “tain”)

true blood (n.) – tai’shar (part of a greeting of honor used by the Borderlanders)

True Bloods (n.) – Tain Shari (Aiel warrior society)

true finder (n.) – jeade’en (Jain Farstrider’s and Rand’s horse)

truly (adj. & adv.) — jenn

truth (n.) – imsoen; soe

Truth Speaker (Seanchan) (n.) – Soe’feia

turn (v.) — drenni

twist (v.) – dred; pakita

two (adj.) – dvoyat (material objects); dvoye (immaterial things)

 

U

ultimate (adj.) — tarmon

uncle, little (n.) – magami (Amalisa’s private name for King Easar)

under (prep., adj. & adv.) – basho

unit (n.) – kozat

Unseen World, the (n.) – Tel’aran’rhiod (term used by Aes Sedai)

up (adj., adv. & prep.) — pad

use (v.) – gorista

 

V

veil, dust (n.) – shoufa (used by Aiel)

venom (n.) — ghar

verse (n.) – fenter

very (adv.) — maani

vessel (n.) – dal

vessel of pleasure (n.) – graendal (name of a Forsaken)

view (n.) — obrafad

violent (adj.) – chekrut

voice (n.) — tati

void, the (n.) – ko’di (a meditative state)

 

W

walk (v.) — conden

walker(s) (n.) – conde

wall (n.) — tinto

war-related (adj.) – dhai

warm(s) (v.) – domashita

wash (v.) — panati

waste (n.) – difrol

watch (v.) — vronne

watcher(s) (n.) – a’vron; vron

watchers of importance (n.) – ma’vron

Watchers over the Waves (n.) – Do Miere A’vron

water (n.) – duadhe

Water Seekers (n.) – Duadhe Mahdi’in (an Aiel warrior society)

waters of the mountain home (n.) – manetherendrelle

waves (n.) — miere

wax (n.) – ikaat

way (n.) — veshan

we (pron.) – iro

weak (adj.) – komalin

weather (n.) – odashi

web of destiny (n.) – ta’maral’ailen (Ogier term describing the ta’veren phenomenon)

week (n.) – hoptah

weight (n.) — runyat

welcome (interjection) — calichniye

well (n.) – afwadh

west (n., adj. & adv.) — koudam

westwind (n.) – aldieb (the wind that brings spring rains)

wet (adj.) — zoppen

what (pron., adj. & adv.) — gavane

what was asked (rel. pron.) – devoriska

wheel (n.) – makitai

when (adv. & conj.) — qen

where (pron. & adv.) – doko

while (n. & conj.) — vaesht

whip (n. & v.) – remath

whip, energy (n.) – rema’kar (Age of Legends weapon)

whistle (n.) – pistit

whistle (v.) – pistita

white (n. & adj.) — safar

who (pron.) – nak

why (adv.) — neisen

wide (adj.) – hawali

will (n.) — zavilat

wind, as an air current (n.) – ahf; dieb

window (n.) — ovage

wine (n.) – ounadh

wing (n.) — stripo

winter (n.) – chiema

wire (n.) – gwiltor

wise (adj.) — washdor

with (prep.) — vid

without (prep.) — mera

without forgiveness (n. & adj.) – hessalam (name of a Forsaken)

wolf (n.) — vovok

woman (n.) — shai

woman, old (n.) – drova; possessive is drovja

wood (n.) — lavakh

wool (n.) – izaad

word (n.) – palatu

work(ing) (n. & adj.) — sor

working clothes (n.) – cadin’sor (worn by Aiel)

world, a (n.) – rhiod

World of Dreams (n.) – Tel’aran’rhiod (term used by Aes Sedai)

worm (n.) – juma

wormwood (n.) – ordeith (name taken by Padan Fain while with the Whitecloaks)

worth (n.) – carentin

wound (n.) – hanol

write (v.) – lorme

writing (n.) — vyavi

written, is (v.) – lormae

wrong (n., v. & adj.) — nasai

 

Y

year (n.) – khamu

yellow (adj.) — zafar

yes (adv.) — taak

yesterday (n. & adv.) — betakai

you (pron. & n.) – asa

you give (v.) – ma

young/youth-related (adj.) — thamel

your (poss. pron.) – ninte (formal); ninto (informal)

your heart (n.) – ba’asa

 

 

Special Terms, Prefixes, Suffixes

Age of Legends board games – sha’rah (Moridin POV); tcheran (Moridin POV); zara (played by followers of the Dark One, the pieces of which are live humans)

Age of Legends constructs – Nym

Age of Legends creatures – cafar; cosa; darath; dornat; jegal (scaled)

Age of Legends duel (in Qal) – sha’je (mentioned by Semirhage)

Age of Legends musical instruments – balfone; corea; obaen; shama

Age of Legends textile with emotion-linked color-changing properties — streith

Age of Legends vehicle – sofar (with steering planes; from Semirhage POV)

Aginor’s creations – jumara (Worms, found in the Blight); zomara(n) (zombie-like creatures used as servants

Aiel foods and beverages– kardon (green-skinned fruit from leafless spiny plant in Aiel Waste); oosquai (distilled spirit); t’mat; zemai

Aiel Waste plants — pecara (tree with pale, wrinkled fruit); segade (spiny leathery plant with white blossoms); algode

Ogier greeting, formal – choba (“to the humble one before you”); choshih (“to the            unworthy one before you”)

Ogier homeland (a place of sanctuary) — stedding

prefix added to first name of Malkieri royalty – al (kings); el (queens)

prefix denoting importance – ma

prefix denoting the superlative — sa

prefix meaning ‘from’ — n

prefix meaning ‘of’ – m; n

prefix referring to an agent of action – de

prefix referring to beauty – am

prefix referring to a handler or controller – morat (used by Seanchan re exotic animals)

prefix referring to the heart – cue, cuen

prefix referring to limited or specific application — ter

prefix (adjectival) referring to power — sai

prefix suggesting urgency or compulsion – marath (Seanchan word)

Seanchan exotic animals – corlm; grolm; lopar; raken; to’raken; torm

Seanchan hereditary upper servants of the blood – so’jhin (freely translated as “a height among lowliness” or “both sky and valley”; “a thing of exaltation”)

suffix denoting brutes, beasts, monsters — ghael

suffix denoting importance – don; ing (utmost importance)

suffix denoting multiples of ten – shi (apostrophe before)

suffix denoting negation – de

suffix denoting passive voice – ae (used with verbs)

suffix denoting plural form – a; an; en; in; on

suffix denoting river or water(s) of – drelle

suffix denoting stone — illar

suffix denoting stone-like quality – andi

suffix indicating one who or that which does, or those who cause – nen (like adding ‘er’ to English verb)

suffix indicating past tense – ane

suffix indicating personal possession (i.e., my) – ara

suffix indicating feminine – dar

suffix indicating a lack, being without — lam

suffix indicating masculine – din

suffix indicating numerical teens — pi

suffix meaning ‘blue’ – era

suffix meaning ‘many’ – es

suffix meaning ‘my own’ — ya

suffix meaning ‘of’ or ‘issued from’ – ja

suffix meaning ‘punishment through the nervous system’ — kar

suffix meaning ‘that which was’ — iska

suffix meaning ‘those who harvest’ — hlin

suffix meaning ‘those who take’ — hlem

suffix meaning ‘true’ — en

tree from Age of Legends, a construct – chora (a beneficent tree)

True Power artifact – saa (tiny black fleck that moves across Forsaken’s eyes when the True Power is accessed, increasing with more use of the TP)

unknown word – piesa (Leya’s horse)

wheel used in gambling – chinje (roulette-like)

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